A rainforest across the Kelani River from Kitulgala Resthouse, east of Colombo, at the western foothills of the central mountains. This forest is very rich in endemic bird and other fauna, and flora. This is a unique forest in the wet zone of the Island.
A large unique rain forest south of Ratnapura, one of the best remaining in the Island. This forest is very rich in endemic bird and other fauna, and flora. An unique feature here is the presence of a high number of mixed species bird feeding flocks.
Udawalawe National Park
A mix of habitats consisting of grassland, scrubland, tall forest and wetlands, in the dry zone. South of the central hills, near Embilipitiya. Very good for dry zone birds of the above habitats, and also very good for certain other fauna, e.g. Asian Elephant.
Bundala National Park
Scrubland and a bit of tall forest mixed with many wetland habitats including salt pans, near Hambantota on the south-east coast. Very good for shorebirds, some seabirds and other scrubland birds. Also good for some other fauna.
Yala National Park
A large Park in the dry zone comprising scrubland, grass flats, monsoon forest and rock outcrops with waterholes; it includes much of the south-east coast of the Island. Very good for bird and other fauna of the dry zone. One of the best places to see a leopard in the world
The ancient rock fortress of Sigiriya is in the sanctuary, situated north of Kandy in the dry zone. The rock fortress is a famous and picturesque archaeological site of the Island. Surrounding the rock are scrubland, tall forest, small tanks (reservoirs) and home gardens. These provide ideal habitats for many dry zone species of birds and other fauna.
Wilpattu National Park
This is the largest National Park in the country, and is situated in the north- west of the country. It consists of a large number of shallow lakes, scrubland and tall forest areas. It is good for certain waterbirds, and many other dry zone birds. It also good for other wildlife, and is another good place to see the leopard
Situated in the north-western tip of the country, in the semi-arid zone. The area consists of a number of large wetlands and scrubland. Beyond the tip of Mannar is a chain of sand islands. Very good for shorebirds, seabirds, other dry zone birds and other wildlife.