Sri Lanka Bird List

Sri Lankan Bird Species List

The list below follows the bird names and taxonomy in Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide (2005) by P.C. Rasmussen & J.C. Anderton.

Note: If the number of ‘chances’ for a species is more than the number of ‘sites’ this indicates that the possibility of finding that species is significantly high and thus it can be expected to be seen on most tours. The species usually seen on most tours are shown with #. An * in the chances column indicates that there is normally only a fairly small chance of the species being seen though it is known to occur at the site.

Copyright © Warakagoda, Hettige & De Silva, June 2006

SpeciesNumber of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Spot-billed Pelican – Pelecanus philippensis #11211019173312
 
Little Cormorant – Phalacrocorax niger #22301525152458
Indian Shag – Phalacrocorax fuscicollis #15251119132212
Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster #16181315141945
         
Eastern Cattle Egret – Bubulcus coromandus #22301525152458
Indian Pond-heron – Ardeola grayii #22301525152458
 
Malay Bittern – Gorsachius melanolophus3*3*3*3*
Yellow Bittern –Ixobrychus sinensis #1120916132212
Chestnut Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus3*3*3*3*
Black Bittern – Dupetor flavicollis #8107981034
 
Painted Stork – Mycteria leucocephala #1120916132212
Asian Openbill – Anastomus oscitans #15251119132212
Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus #1120916132212
Black-necked Stork  – Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus #111111
Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus222246
Black-headed Ibis – Threskiornis melanocephalus #1120916132212
 
Greater Flamingo – Phoenicopterus roseus 121212
 
Lesser Whistling-duck  – Dendrocygna javanica #1120916132212
Cotton Teal – Nettapus coromandelianus33224411
Indian Spot-billed Duck – Anas poecilorhyncha111123
Garganey – Anas querquedula #5667101211
 
Jerdon’s Baza  – Aviceda jerdoni22222222
Oriental Honey-buzzard – Pernis ptilorhynchus #55445512
Brahminy Kite – Haliaster Indus #1525102015251015
White-bellied Sea-eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster #55555524
Grey-headed Fishing Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus #55445512
Crested Serpent-eagle – Spilornis cheela #101581210151015
Pallid Harrier – Circus macrourus11111111
Montagu’s Harrier – Circus pygargus11111111
Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus33333333
Besra Sparrowhawk – Accipiter virgatus44444444
Himalayan Buzzard – Buteo burmanicus #45454534
Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis #67786755
Rufous-bellied Eagle – Hieraaetus kienerii33333333
Crested Hawk-eagle – Spizaetus cirrhatus #71571492013
Mountain Hawk-eagle – Spizaetus nipalensis44444444
 
Shahin Falcon – Falco peregrine  pregrinator22112211
SpeciesNumber of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Painted Francolin – Francolinus pictus #25
Grey Francolin – Francolinus pondicerianus    11  
Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis1*1*1*1*
Jungle Bush Quail – Perdicula asiatica #  24    
Ceylon Spurfowl – Galloperdix bicalcarata #   E         44444444
Ceylon Junglefowl – Gallus lafayettii #  E811810121758
Indian Peafowl – Pavo cristatus # 101581210151015
 
Barred Button-Quail – Turnix suscitator #61261581426
 
Slaty-legged Crake – Rallina eurizonoides #23232323
Slaty-breasted Rail – Rallus striatus 1*181*
White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus#1522132010151015
‘Eastern’ Baillon’s Crake – Porzana pusilla        
Ruddy-breasted Crake – Porzana fusca1*1*1*
Watercock – Gallicrex cinerea #81079810
Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio [porphyrio] poliocephalus #15181416182357
Pheasant-tailed Jacana – Hydrophasianus chirurgus #15171416182257
 
Greater Painted Snipe – Rostratula benghalensis222222
 
Pacific Golden Plover – Pluvialis fulva #8127101015710
Little Ringed Plover – Charadrius dubius #68685712
Lesser Sand Plover – Charadrius mongolus #10149121217912
Caspian Plover – Charadrius asiaticus1*1*1*  
Yellow-wattled Lapwing – Vanellus malabaricus #81481481426
Red-wattled Lapwing – Vanellus indicus #1824182418241216
 
Pintail Snipe – Gallinago stenura #81581581534
Terek Sandpiper – Xenus cinereus1*1*1*
Temminck’s Stint – Calidris temminckii111111
Long-toed Stint – Calidris subminuta1*1*1*
Broad-billed Sandpiper –Limicola falcinellus #222222
 
Crab Plover – Dromas ardeola    1*  
 
Indian Stone-curlew – Burhinus indicus #33333311
Great Thick-knee – Esacus recurvirostris #81079101411
SpeciesNumber of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Indian Stone-curlew – Burhinus indicus #33333311
Great Thick-knee – Esacus recurvirostris #81079101411
 
Oriental Pratincole – Glareola maldivarum111111
Small Pratincole – Glareola lacteal #232323
 
Heuglin’s Gull – Larus heuglini #3 †3
Great Black-headed Gull – Larus ichthyaetus #3 †3
Brown-headed Gull – Larus brunnicephalus #666666
 
Lesser Crested Tern – Sterna bengalensis #333333
Great Crested Tern – Thalasseus bergi i #333333
Saunders’s Tern – Sterna saundersi111111
 
Ceylon Wood Pigeon – Columba torringtonii #E33333333
Emerald Dove – Chalocphaps indica #7571371045
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon – Treron bicincta #51151351113
Ceylon Green-pigeon – Treron pompadora #  E71571871556
Yellow-legged Green Pigeon – Treron phoenicoptera #12
Green Imperial Pigeon – Ducula aenea #71571871556
 
Ceylon Hanging Parrot – Loriculus beryllinus #   E512716512512
Alexandrine Parakeet – Psittacula eupatria #67696756
Plum-headed Parakeet – Psittacula cyanocephala #45574524
Layard’s Parakeet – Psittacula calthropae #E35573535
SpeciesNumber of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Ceylon Frogmouth – Batrachostomus moniliger #35243535
 
Indian Jungle Nightjar – Caprimulgus indicus    112311
Jerdon’s Nightjar – Caprimulgus atripennis #444444
Indian Little Nightjar- Caprimulgus asiaticus #353535
 
Indian Swiftlet –   Aerodramus  unicolor #122512251225815
Brown-throated Needletail – Hirundapus giganteus #34343434
Asian Palm Swift – Cypsiurus balasiensis #122512251225815
 
Crested Treeswift – Hemiprocne coronata #10161117101625
 
Malabar Trogon –   Harpactes fasciatus #34343434
 
Black-backed Dwarf Kingfisher – Ceyx erithaca 45344534
Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis #81281281234
Black-capped Kingfisher – Halcyon pileata111111
 
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater – Merops leschenaulti #10151015101547
 
Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis22222222
 
Ceylon Grey Hornbill  – Ocyceros gingalensis # E71081171057
Malabar Pied Hornbill – Anthracoceros coronatus #47364713
 
Brown-headed Barbet – Megalaima zeylanica #2030223220301218
Yellow-fronted Barbet – Megalaima flavifrons #E619619619619
Ceylon Small Barbet – Megalaima rubricapilla #  E687106868
Coppersmith Barbet – Megalaima haenacephala #815101891726
SpeciesNumber of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Asian Paradise Flycatcher-Terpsiphone paradisi #12141213121445
Black napped Blue Monarch- Hypothymis azurea  #61061061058
 
Black-capped Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanicterus # E 61061061058
Red-vented Bulbul- Pycnonotus cafer #5260526250604248
Yellow-eared Bulbul- Pycnonotus penicillatus # E310310310310
White-browed Bulbul- Pycnonotus luteoius #142513221425815
Yellow-browed Bulbul – Iole indica #48484848
Square-tailed Black Bulbul- Hypsipetes ganeesa #46584646
 
Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia #2030223220301218
Marshall’s Iora – Aegithina nigrolutea46684624
         
Gold-fronted Leafbird – Chloropsis aurifrons #10101010101088
Jerdon’s Leafbird – Chloropsis jerdoni #12121212121244
 
Pied Ground Thrush – Zoothera wardii #24242424
Orange-headed Thrush – Zoothera citrina1111
Spotted-winged Ground Thrush –  Zoothera spiloptera # E412412412412
Ceylon Scaly Thrush – Zoothera imbricate # E 23232323
Indian Blackbird – Turdus simillimus #35353535
Ceylon Whistling Thrush – Myophonus blighi # E33333333
 Number of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Asian Brown Flycatcher – Muscicapa dauurica #810810810810
Brown-breasted Flycatcher – Muscicapa mutttui #68686868
Kashmir Flycatcher – Ficedula subrubra #46464646
Dusky-blue Flycatcher – Eumiyas sordida #  E49494949
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher- Cyornis tickelliae #121412141214810
Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher- Culicicapa ceylonensis # 49494949
Indian Blue Robin- Luscinia brunnea #11131010111379
Oriental Magpie-robin – Copsychus saularis #5260526250604248
White-rumped Shama – Copsychus mlabaricus #586104624
Pied Bushchat – Saxicola caprata #49494949
         
Ashy-headed Laughingthrush – Garrulax cinereifrons#  E16161616
Brown-capped Babbler – Pellorneum fuscocapillum #  E71071071069
Ceylon Scimitar-babbler – Pomatorhinus melanurus # E 69696969
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra #10141013101488
Dark-fronted Babbler Rhopocichla atriceps #14181315161889
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinemse #815101891726
Ceylon Rufous Babbler  Turdoides rufescens #  E315315315315
Yellow-billed Babbler – Turdoides affinis #2030223220301218
 Number of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Grey-breasted Prinia- Prinia hodgsonii #68687934
Ashy Prinia- Prinia socialis #10141012121378
Jungle Prinia – Prinia sylvatica #59595924
Plain Prinia – Prinia inonarnata #101610151016810
Common Tailorbird – Orthotomus sutorius #2330243226361218
         
Ceylon Warbler – Bradypterus palliseri #  E37373737
Rusty-rumped Warbler- Locustella certhiola 11111111
Indian Reed-warbler – Acrocephalus brunnescens #353535
Bright green Warbler – Phylloscopus nitidus #        
Large-billed Leaf Warbler – Phylloscopus magnirostris #912101391268
         
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch – Sitta frontalis #595115948
         
Thick-billed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum agile #45474534
Legge’s Flowerpecker – Dicaeum vincens #  E38383838
Pale-billed Flowerpecker- Dicaeum erythrorhynchos#1824162019261015
         
Purple-rumped Sunbird – Leptocoma zeylonica #1824162019261015
Purple Sunbird – Cynnyris asiaticus #9131416111838
Loten’s Sunbird – Cynnyris  lotenia #101410151014710
SpeciesNumber of possible sites and chances in each itinerary
Itinerary 1Itinerary 2Itinerary 3Itinerary 4
SitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChancesSitesChances
Indian Silverbill –Euodice malabarica #67676711
White-rumped Munia – Lonchura striata #111410151014710
Black-throated Munia – Lonchura kelaarti #44444444
Scaly-breasted Munia – Lonchura punctulata1824162019261015
Tricoloured Munia – Lonchura Malacca #21021021018
         
Striated Weaver – Ploceus manyar #333733  
Baya Weaver – Ploceus philippinus #67676711
         
Ceylon White-headed Starling – Sturnia albofrontata#E13131313
Brahminy Starling – Temenuchus pagodarum #252525  
Rosy Starling – Sturnus roseus #47474712
Ceylon Hill-Mynah – Gracula ptilogenys #  E35353535
Lesser Hill-myna – Gracula indica #48484848
         
Black-hooded Oriole – Oriolus xanthornus #1820161719251012
         
Ashy Drongo – Dicrurus leucophaeus #22223311
White-bellied Drongo – Dicrurus caerulescens #1824162019261015
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus44445511
Ceylon Crested Drongo – Dicrurus lophorinus # 313313313313
         
Ashy Woodswallow – Artamus fuscus #111410151014710
         
Ceylon Blue Magpie – Cissa ornate # E25252525
Indian Jungle Crow – Corvus culminates #5260526250604248

Pelagic birds which are possible to find on special excursions during certain periods:

Table 2 : pelagic birds found off Sri Lanka
Barau’s Petrel – Pterodroma barauiRare Reguler
Bulwer’s Petrel – Bulweria bulweriiRareReguler
Jouanin’s Petrel – Bulweria fallaxRareReguler
Wedge-tailed Shearwater – Puffinus pacificusCommonReguler
Flesh-footed Shearwater – Puffinus carneipesCommonReguler
Short-tailed Shearwater – Puffinus tenuirostrisRare 
   
Wilson’s Storm-petrel – Oceanites oceanicusCommonReguler
Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel – Oceanodroma monorhisRareReguler
   
White-tailed Tropicbird – Phaethon lepturus RareReguler
Red-billed Tropicbird – Phaethon aethereus CommonReguler
   
Masked Booby – Sula dactylatra UncommonReguler
Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster UncommonReguler
Red-footed Booby – Sula sula Rare 
   
Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel UncommonReguler
Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor UncommonReguler
Christmas Frigatebird – Fregata andrewsiRare 
   
Brown Skua – Catharacta antarctica UncommonReguler
South Polar Skua – Catharacta maccormickiRare 
Pomarine Jaeger- Stercorarius pomarinus UncommonReguler